October 5, 2017

Meet the Speakers

Saad Tasleem

Shaykh Saad Tasleem is a fresh addition to the AlMaghrib instructor lineup. As one of our youngest instructors born and raised in the USA, Shaykh Saad is highly in tune with today’s youth struggles and pressures, while grounded with education in traditional Islamic Sciences.

In his early years, Shaykh Saad tasted the alternative life as the lead singer of a punk rock band. Moving on from that lifestyle, Shaykh Saad still skateboards, snowboards, and rocks his Converse sneakers. After studying Art History, Modern Art, Graphic Design, and Psychology at the University of Maryland, he decided to take his life in a brand new direction.

Shaykh Saad started Islamic education at IIASA in Fairfax, VA. He then went on to study at the Islamic University of Madinah where he dedicated himself to the study of Islamic Sciences. He graduated with a Bachelor’s from the Faculty of Islamic Law, University of Madinah.

Today, Shaykh Saad dedicates his teaching to Muslim youth learning to balance their Western lifestyles with Islamic values. At AlMaghrib, he has developed seminars like Fiqh of Chillin’: Entertainment & Recreation in Islam, Trends: Fiqh of Fashion & Clothing, and Deception: Study of Shaytan. His primary message is to empower Muslim youth to be comfortable with their own personal identities as part of Western society.

Fahad Tasleem

In 2007, Fahad Tasleem founded Dawah Corps – an organization with a mission to ignite, for Muslims living in the West, a passion for Islamic outreach. Fahad’s expertise in the realm of dawah stems from a number of years of experience with the various outreach efforts of MSA’s, Islamic centers, and Islamic organizations across North America.

Fahad has also served as a khateeb and lecturer for the Islamic Society of Greater Houston.  His speaking style has been described as engaging, profound and exciting.   His ability to express core Islamic ideas in simple, palatable terms that are relevant to contemporary times, has inspired many to reach higher spiritual, moral and social goals.

Currently, Fahad plays a tripartite role as an instructor, researcher and student.   He is the founder and lead instructor at the DC Seminary along with being an adjunct professor at various other universities and colleges. His role as a researcher and student is in his current pursuit of a PhD in Economics from the University of Texas at Dallas.  Fahad studied Arabic at Georgetown University and he holds a bachelors in Economics from Michigan State University and a Masters in Taxation from the University of Southern California.

Fahad Tasleem recently joined ILF Texas, a teaching project of ICNA. He is an instructor for ILF Houston on site classes at Islamic Outreach Center (IOC-Cypress).

Majed Mahmoud

Ustadh Majed Mahmoud completed a Bachelor’s in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Windsor and a Master’s in Business Administration from Wayne State University. During this period, he finished his memorization of the Quran. In his pursuit for Islamic studies, he completed a Bachelor’s degree in Islamic Studies from AlMaghrib Institute. Majed has traveled around the world lecturing about different aspects of Islam and completed a TV series with channels such as Huda TV & Peace TV. He works as a mechanical engineer and teaches at AlMaghrib Institute. He is currently completing a Bachelor’s degree in Islamic Jurisprudence & Legal Theory from Al-Madinah International University. Majed currently lives in North America with his wife and three children.

Mohannad Hakeem

Dr. Mohannad Hakeem is a motivational speaker, youth mentor, and a “freelance” Imam residing in Dearborn, Michigan.  He enjoys teaching about the Tafsir (interpretation) of the Quran, Fiqh of Leadership, Islamic history, & the Seerah (Biography) of Prophet Muhammad PBUH.

He frequently records video reminders on his blog wordwatts.com and contributes articles to Islamic publications such as The Daily Reminder Network and aboutislam.net.

Dr. Hakeem earned his PhD in Mechanical Engineering and currently works as a full time research engineer at Ford Motor Company – Research and Innovation Center. To date, he has authored 50 invention disclosures and 10 technical papers. Dr. Mohannad memorizes the holy Quran, and is currently working on his Ijaza under shiekh Ahmad Alhomsi. He is married, and entrusted with 4 Children: Salah Eddine, Maryam, Jennah, and Abdul-Rahman.

Zain Shamoon

Zain Shamoon MA, LLMFT, is a family therapist at Heron Ridge Associates in Ann Arbor and Plymouth, MI. He is the founder of Narratives of Pain and is pursuing a Ph.D. at Michigan State University in Human Development and Family Studies.

Abdalla Idris Ali

Abdalla Idris Ali served as imam and director, and founded the first full-time Islamic school in Toronto, Canada. He served as the principal of ISNA Islamic Community School for 17 years. He also served on ISNA’s Executive Council, Majlis Ash-Shura, Youth and Education Committee and as president of ISNA for two terms. He is the chair of the Islamic Media Foundation, a member of NAIT Board, a founding member of CISNA, and chair of ISNA Education Forum. Sheikh Abdalla was appointed director for CIENA in Kansas City, Missouri. He served on the board of trustees of IBERR, which serves minority communities. He is currently working as the executive director of ISNA Canada.

Abdul Malik Mujahid

Abdul Malik Mujahid is an award-winning author, producer and an imam. He is president of Sound Vision, producer of Adam’s World and executive producer of daily Radio Islam at WCEV 1450 AM in Chicago. Imam Mujahid also serves as Chairman of the Parliament of the World’s Religions. He is founder of Muslim Democrats. He was elected to the Credentials Committee for the Democratic National Convention 2008.

He has served on the Independent Task Force on Civil Liberties and National Security by the Council on Foreign Relations in New York from 2006-2009. He also served as a member of the Chicago Council on Global Affairs’ Task Force on The Civic and Political Integration of Muslim Americans, in 2007.

As the national coordinator of the Bosnia Task Force, USA, in the ’90s, he successfully led efforts in collaboration with the National Organization of Women (NOW) to declare rape as a war crime. Currently he leads Burma Task Force USA which is a coalition of 15 national and regional Muslim organizations to stop genocide in Burma.

Imam Mujahid was selected as one the 500 most influential Muslims in the world in 2011 & 2012.

Mustapha Elturk

Ameer Mustapha was born in Beirut, Lebanon, in 1955. He immigrated to America in 1976 amid the start of the Lebanese civil war. With a Bachelor of Arts degree in Mathematics, he worked as an Electronics Engineering consultant for many years. He became interested in learning about Islam and the Qur’an in 1989. He then studied under the Islamic thinker and scholar Dr. Israr Ahmad (1996-2001).

Imam Elturk is very active in the Muslim community of North America, both as a leader and a speaker. He has been propagating the message of the Qur’an to Muslims and non-Muslims alike through his regular Friday sermons and lectures in Mosques and other facilities all across America. He is a publically engaged Muslim leader and a leading interfaith activist in the Detroit Area.

Imam Elturk serves on many boards. He is,

The Treasurer and member of the InterFaith Leadership Council (IFLC) Executive Board, formerly the Interfaith Partners of the Michigan Roundtable for Diversity and Inclusion (MRDI).

A member of the Religious Leaders Forum of the Abrahamic Faiths.

A member of the Interfaith Center for Racial Justice (ICRJ) Executive Board.

A Co-Chair of the Imams Council of the Michigan Muslim Community Council (MMCC) and a member of the MMCC Executive Board.

A member of the American Human Rights Council (AHRC) Executive Board, Dearborn Michigan.

The Imam and President of the Islamic Organization of North America (IONA) in Warren, Michigan.

Abdel Malik Ali

Abdel Malik Ali is an African American Da’i and activist. He is the founder of Masjid Al-Islam School in Oakland. For 20 years he served there as Ameer and Educational Director. He has dedicated his life to help Muslim Youth to reclaim their Islamic Heritage.

Sabeel Ahmed

Dr. Sabeel Ahmed is the Director of the GainPeace Project, an outreach project of Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA). GainPeace.com conducts many outreach oriented projects in Chicago and many cities to educate people about the authentic teachings of Islam. Some of these projects include advertising the message of Islam via Bus, Billboards, trains and newspapers. Dr. Sabeel had given many presentations and workshops on dawah related topics, traveling extensively. Upon completing his medical education Dr. Sabeel decided to become a full-time daee. He was born in India and moved to USA more than 15 years ago. He is married, has two kids, and resides with his family in Skokie, IL. He is currently serving as the president of ICNA Chicago.

Dan Buttry

Rev. Dr. Daniel L. Buttry is the Global Consultant for Peace and Justice for International Ministries of the American Baptist Churches.  Or as he likes to put it, he is a nonviolent peace warrior!  He travels around the world training people in conflict transformation, working from grassroots communities to high-level educational institutions.  As a Christian minister and missionary he works primarily with and through the Christian communities, primarily Baptists.  But he is also deeply committed to interfaith peacemaking and is comfortable engaging in multi-religious contexts.  He is a founder and officer for the InterFaith Leadership Council in Metro Detroit.  He has been involved in many mediation efforts, especially in Myanmar/Burma and with the Nagas of northeast India and northwest Myanmar.  He has conducted trainings and workshops in every region of the world (except Antarctica!) and has been a speaker at countless conferences.   He has authored 9 books, mostly on peacemaking topics but also on church renewal and preaching.  He is a graduate of Wheaton College, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and received an honorary doctorate from Central Baptist Theological Seminary.

Robert Bruttell

Robert A. Bruttell is the current chairman of the Interfaith Leadership Council of Detroit. He serves as a board member at the Michigan Roundtable for Diversity and Inclusion and the Ecumenical Theological Seminary. Robert is a member of the Interfaith Scholars’ Colloquy as well as the American Academy of Religion and is an adjunct professor of Religious Studies and History at the University of Detroit Mercy. Robert has over 40 years of construction experience and is the president and owner of Bruttell Roofing, Inc., which has been recognized as the National Contractor of the Year.

Matt Catchick

Matt Catchick was born and raised in East Grand Rapids, Michigan. He attended East Grand Rapids Middle School, completed three years at the Culver Military Academy Summer Woodcraft Program, and received his High School Diploma from The Lawrenceville School near Princeton, New Jersey. Matt earned his B.A. in History from the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor), where he was House Historian for the Beta Theta Pi Fraternity, and a member of the Armenian Student Organization. While in Law School at Western New England University, Matt clerked for the Honorable William B. Murphy, Chief Judge, Michigan Court of Appeals, and the Honorable Dennis C. Kolenda, Chief Judge, 17th Circuit Court. Matt was also selected for a highly-coveted Internship with the Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office.

Since earning his Law Degree in 1996, Matt has successfully handled hundreds of Divorce, Family Law, and Criminal cases. He served as the Public Defender for the City of Wayne for three years, and he is a member of the Family Law Council of the State Bar of Michigan, and the Criminal Law Section of the State Bar. He is a member of the Federal Bar Association (Criminal Practice Committee), the Oakland County Bar Association (Family Law Committee), and the Wayne County Family Law Bar Association. Matt proudly serves as a Trustee with the Macomb County Bar Foundation.

Matt and his family reside in Royal Oak, Michigan. For over 12 years, he has been an active participant in the “Parent’s Group” Parenting Program through Beaumont Hospital, and his family frequently volunteers and participates at the Judson Center, which serves special needs children and special needs adults throughout the Metro Detroit Area.

Abdulazeez Abdulraheem

Dr Abdulazeez Abdulraheem, the founder of “Understand Quran Academy,” in Hyderabad and the designer of course “Understand Qur’an, the Easy way,” holds a PhD in Geotechnical Engineering from Oklahoma University (1994). He has delivered a short course called “Understand Al-Quran – the Easy Way” in different cities and countries such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, UAE, United Kingdom, Malaysia, South Africa, and India. The video recording of this course (52 episodes) is aired on Peace TV English and Peace TV Urdu and also relayed by GuideUS TV in the USA in English; and ITV of South Africa.

Linda Sarsour

Linda Sarsour is a working woman, racial justice and civil rights activist, every Islamophobe’s worst nightmare, and mother of three.  Ambitious, outspoken and independent, Linda shatters stereotypes of Muslim women while also treasuring her religious and ethnic heritage. She is a Palestinian Muslim American and a self-proclaimed “pure New Yorker, born and raised in Brooklyn!” She is the Executive Director of the Arab American Association of New York and co-founder of the first Muslim online organizing platform, MPOWER Change.

Linda has been at the forefront of major civil rights campaigns including calling for an end to unwarranted surveillance of New York’s Muslim communities and ending police policies like stop and frisk. In wake of the police murder of Mike Brown, she co-founded Muslims for Ferguson to build solidarity amongst American Muslim communities and encourage work against police brutality. She is a member of the Justice League NYC, a leading NYC force of activists, formerly incarcerated individuals, and artists working to reform the New York Police Department and the criminal justice system.

Fatima Salman

Fatima Salman is an MSW from the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor with a concentration in Community Organizing and a minor in Management of Human Services. She holds a Bachelor of Science from The University of Michigan- Ann Arbor with double majors in Biology and Arabic.  She currently works as the program coordinator for the Center for Leadership Development Program at the University of Michigan’s Technical Assistance Center in Detroit, Michigan.

A passionate activist of social justice, Fatima is committed to helping underserved populations and communities achieve their potential through empowerment, advocacy, and involvement. Fatima’s theory of change is simple… that when individuals are able to recognize their unique and special potential, and are given a chance to nurture this potential, they will become empowered and able to become effective leaders and create change for themselves and their communities.

Fatima Salman serves on several local, regional, and national boards. She serves on the ISNA EC as the Central Zone Representative, as the education and youth chair on the Michigan Muslim Community Council, as the Majlis Youth Committee Advisor for MYNA, as the head of the Personal Development Committee for MYNA, as the chair of the Central Program Committee for this year’s ISNA Convention, as the co-chair of the programs committee at The Children’s Center in Detroit, on the West Bloomfield Township Diversity Committee, and on the Community Advisory Panel for DPTV. She is also amongst the inaugural fellows for EMERGE-USA, a national organization aimed to empower women to run for office and advocate for themselves and other women in their positions. Fatima has three sons and a husband and lives in West Bloomfield, MI.

Namira Islam

Namira Islam is a Bangladeshi-American lawyer and graphic designer. She is the co-founder and executive director of MuslimARC (the Muslim Anti-Racism Collaborative), an Islamically-grounded racial justice education and training organization. She has practiced in poverty law providing legal services to low-income individuals in Flint, MI, and has worked in prisoners’ rights litigation and interned at the trial and appellate levels in international criminal law and war crimes for the United Nations in The Hague, The Netherlands. She is currently based in the Metro Detroit area and tweets @namirari.

Melanie Elturk

Sister Melanie Elturk is born and raised in Detroit, Michigan. She works as an attorney specializing in Civil Rights law and currently serves as a law clerk for three judges at the Dubai International Financial Centre in Dubai, UAE. As an attorney, her passion is to help those in need and she has devoted her life and career to uphold civil rights and social justice. Together with her husband they founded Haute Hijab while living in Chicago and later moved to Dubai where they continued operations. Additionally, Sister Melanie describes herself as a Muslim Youth activist and is a distinguished public speaker for the cause.

Sister Melanie is one of our distinguished speakers at the IONA Convention. Her lecture is titled Building Character of the Next Generation of Americans. She will also have a ‘Heart to Heart Talk’ with sisters only.

Kim Redigan

Kim Redigan is the Vice-Chair of the Michigan Coalition for Human Rights, Secretary of Pax Christi Michigan’s State Council, and on the Coordinating Committee of the Detroit Area Peace and Justice Network, where she represents Meta Peace Team (formerly Michigan Peace Team), and the Detroit Catholic Worker. Kim spends most of her time working with Meta Peace Team where she volunteers as a nonviolence trainer and serves on domestic and international peace teams, including teams in the West Bank and Egypt. Kim has a Master’s degree in Religious Studies from the University of Detroit Mercy, a B.A. in English from the University of Michigan-Dearborn, and a Master of Arts in Social Justice from Marygrove College. Over the past nine years, Kim has taught courses in World Religions, Catholic Social Teaching, and Spiritual Biography at the University of Detroit Jesuit High School. Prior to that, Kim taught English for ten years at Holy Redeemer High School in southwest Detroit. She is also involved in Women in Black – Detroit and represents Pax Christi as a Jobs with Justice affiliate. Kim and her husband Matt are parents of four children.

Hana Alasry

Hana Alasry is a community youth organizer in the metro-Detroit, Michigan area. Hana’s aim in her work is to develop Muslim youth into socially conscious organizers who balance activism with spiritual awareness and action. She works most heavily with the Detroit chapter of Muslim American Society. As part of MAS she’s coordinated the Detroit Minds and Hearts fellowship, ran her own workshop series called TANG, worked on tarbiya and curriculum development and is on the strategic planning team.

She’s also served two years on her MSA board, bringing in a new dynamic of critically conscious and goal-oriented programming. She spent the past few months working with CitizenDetroit, an organization that aims to educate Detroit residents on relevant political issues. She currently works with MAS nationally to develop a social justice movement of Muslim workers across the country. She also works in an advising role for Muslim community organizations and MAS chapters across the country.

She studied Nutrition and Food Science and Health Psychology at Wayne State University. In her free time, she enjoys writing and spending time with friends. You can find her pieces on her personal blog, Muslimah Reflections and the MAS Blog.

Achmet Salie

Imam Achmat Salie has been hired as the program developer to create the endowment and program in Islamic Studies at the University of Detroit Mercy.

Dr. Salie has extensive experience in Islamic Studies, both in South Africa and the United States, and has created an Islamic Studies Program at another university. He is also active in interfaith efforts in the Unites States and abroad. His academic preparation includes a Bachelor of Arts in Arabic and Islamic Studies, six years of intensive seminary studies in Islamic Jurisprudence, and a Master of Business Administration and Doctorate in Business Leadership. He is currently a Ph. D. candidate in Islamic Studies.

Aly Lela

Imam Aly Lela is the current Imam of the Islamic Association of Greater Detroit (IAGD). He was born in Egypt where he completed Hifz al-Quran while in High school and gained two Ijazah in Tajweed. He earned a B.A. in Arabic literature and Islamic studies in Cairo University, and completed preparatory courses for an M.A. in Islamic Philosophy program while attending informal courses at Al-Azhar conducted by renowned scholars. Upon coming to the United States, Imam Lela completed his Masters’ degree in Islamic Studies at Wayne State University (WSU). He has been a lecturer at both WSU and the Islamic American University (Southfield, MI). Currently he is working on his Ph.D. at Oxford University under the supervision of Professor Tariq Ramadan. His thesis is focusing on reforming Islamic Family Law in the United States.

Saleem Khalid

Saleem Khalid, born and raised in Kalamazoo, Michigan, moved to Detroit and attended Wayne State University. He began his professional career with Standard Federal Savings, now known as Bank of America. He held a number of positions in the bank, and eventually served as Vice President and Loan officer. During this period of time, he took shahada and completed an Imam training program sponsored by the Muslim World League.

His life experience includes time spent as a consultant in Saudi Arabia and Doha, Qatar. Immediately prior to returning to the Detroit area, he represented Islamic Relief USA, nationally, as their Community Affairs Representative.

He currently serves as the Executive Director of the Muslim Enrichment Project, a project providing support to new Muslims.

Mohamed Almasmari

Shaykh Mohamed Almasmari, of Yemeni descent, was born and raised in Michigan. At a very young age, he memorized the Holy Qur’an and began leading taraweeh prayers during the month of Ramadan. Soon after completing his secondary education, he embarked on a journey to Yemen to study traditional Islam under some of the world’s greatest scholars of this time. During his studies, he was also blessed to memorize Saheeh Muslim as well.

While in Yemen, he was granted many Ijaazaats by his teachers in many areas of Islam. Shaykh Almasmari earned his Bachelor & Master Degrees in Islamic Sciences & Islamic Law. After completing his studies, the Shaykh returned to America and served as Imam in Oakland, CA and Brooklyn, NY. Currently, he resides in Michigan and serves as the Imam of the Muslim Unity Center in Bloomfield Hills, MI. He also serves as a member on the Fiqh Council of Michigan, Michigan Muslim Community Council and the Council of Islamic Organizations of Michigan.  He is married and has three children and loves working with the youth and counseling Muslim families on social issues.

Ali Sulaiman

Dr. Ali Sulaiman Ali was born in Ghana where he spent his childhood studying with various Muslim scholars.  He then moved on to Saudi Arabia where he enrolled in Medina’s Islamic University. His curriculum included all the traditional Islamic sciences and in 1979 he graduated with a degree in both Islamic Studies and Arabic. Dr. Ali pursued further scholarship at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) where he received an M.A. and Ph.D. in Islamic Studies. Dr. Ali’s dissertation on Tafsir bil Ma’thur dealing with the question of Hujja (the question of authority of or binding proof) was a seminal study in an important field.

Dr. Ali’s passions center on learning, teaching, and community-service. He has taught Islamic Studies, Muslim World Studies, Arabic and the Science of Qur’an at the University of Detroit-Mercy (Detroit, MI), Wayne County Community College and American Open University. Dr. Ali currently teaches Fiqh, Ulum al Hadith, and Arabic at the Islamic American University (Southfield, MI). He has served the community in several capacities as the assistant Imam at the American Muslim Society and Mu’adh inb Jabal Masjid, as the Imam at the Islamic Center of Detroit, and as the current Imam of the Muslim Community of the Western Suburbs (Canton, MI). Additionally, Dr. Ali serves as the Director of Muslim Family Services (Detroit, MI), a social services organization dedicated to helping Muslim families flourish.

Dr. Ali is a co-founder, Core Scholar, and member of the Board of Trustees of the American Learning Institute for Muslims (ALIM), an academic institution where scholars, professionals, activists, artists, writers, and community leaders come together to develop strategies for the future of Islam in the modern world.

Dawud Walid

Mr. Walid is the Executive Director of the Michigan chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR-MI), a chapter of America’s largest advocacy and civil liberties organization for Muslims. He is a preacher of Islamic faith delivering sermons at Islamic centers across America and is a political blogger for the Detroit News.

Mr. Walid has spoken at more than 30 institutions of higher learning about Islam and interfaith dialogue. He has presented on prominent panel discussions with international leaders and academics.

Mr. Walid has been a regular contributor to the Muslim Observer newspaper and Illume Magazine and has also been interviewed, quoted, and published in numerous media outlets throughout the globe including Al-Jazeera, BBC, CNN, FOX, NBC World News, National Public Radio, the New York Times, USA Today and the Wall Street Journal.

Mr. Walid served as assistant Imam of Masjid Wali Muhammad in Detroit from 2001 until September 2011, while also serving as interim resident Imam of the Bosnian Islamic Center in Hamtramck during the summer of 2007.

Mr. Walid also served in the United States Navy under honorable conditions earning two United States Navy & Marine Corp Achievement medals as well as having received awards of recognition from the city councils of Detroit and Hamtramck and from the Mayor of Lansing.

Mika’il Saadiq

Imam Mika’il Steward Saadiq was born and raised on the west side of Detroit, attended Mackenzie High School, and went on to Prairie View A&M University to study sociology. Imam Mika’il Stewart Saadiq accepted Islam at the age of 21. Shortly after accepting Islam, he began studying ‘Aqeedah and Fiqh under the late Imam Luqman Abdullah.

In 1999, he began teaching at Detroit’s Al-Ikhlas Training Academy. He is the current Vice-Chair of MANA’s SHARE Detroit, Inc. Imam Mika’il is a married father of five. He is also the President, and Executive Director (Ameer), of Al-Aqabah Islamic Community Center. In 2002, Imam Mika’il was appointed by Imam Luqman as the head of teaching and outreach efforts.

Imam Mika’il is currently enrolled in the BA of Islamic Studies Program at Islamic Online University. As of 2003, he has been busy (locally and nationally) presenting a series of lectures, articles, and workshops targeting minority and youth social issues. In late 2009, his first short book entitled The Undeniable Message to the “Black” Man: Continuum of Movement and Context of Struggle was published.

Khalid Iqbal

Khalid Iqbal is a Mechanical engineer by Profession. Born in Simla, India, completed graduate studies in Canada. For the past 20 years he dedicated himself to nonprofit work. His passion for family development lead him to the creation of Rahmaa Institute that is dedicated to the issues of Muslim marriage, conflict resolution, divorce and social issues. He is a writer, speaker and Khateeb.

Have developed a comprehensive premarital counseling course delivered in five sessions. This work is the result if over three years of reserach on the subject. By the will of Allah SWT, the last 1-1/2 year was spent on the application of the 16 week course on dozens of individuals with positive results.

He has been on the board of several nonprofit and professional organizations such as ISNA, Human Concern International (HCI) and American Society for Metals (ASM). He also served as director for CAIR, ADAMS and now with Muslim Family Services.

Other Speakers: Ishack Samoura, Najah Mousa, Tahira Khalid, William Antoun, Mohammad Cherri, and Ousainoue Touray.